The new shoots (culms) of some bamboo are edible. This page is dedicated to listing bamboo species that are edible. I have also included a brief description of the suitability of each species for hedging etc.
Warning: Not all bamboo can be eaten!
Bambusa multiplex - Edible - This is one of the hardiest of the genus clumping bamboo. Each node of this edible bamboo species bears a large number of branches down to the culm base which makes it ideal for growing a dense hedge or windbreak.
Bambusa oldhamii - Giant Timber or Oldham's - Edible - This species has wide leaves, erect straight culms - clumping bamboo in tight clumps. Also makes a good hedge or windbreak.
Bambusa tuidoides 'Ventricosa' - Buddha's Belly - Edible - The development of pot belly type internodes provides a name for this species. It is a clumping bamboo that makes a good hedge or windbreak but can just as easily be grown in a pot.
Bambusa Vuigaris 'Vittata' - Painted - Edible - This species has golden culms with green stripes that vary in width. It is an indoor clumping bamboo that can be grown in a pot.
Dendrocalamus Latiflorus - This is a clumping bamboo species with wide culms, large foliage, and long internodes. It is harvested for edible shoots and timber bamboo for construction and crafts projects.
Phyllostachys edulis - Moso - Edible - This edible bamboo species is the largest of the hardy bamboos. It is a running bamboo that makes a good hedge or windbreak and can also be used for bamboo crafts.
Phyllostachys vivax - Vivax - Edible - This bamboo species has thinner walled culms than Ph. Bambusoides and white powdery bands below the nodes. It is a running bamboo that can be used as a hedge or windbreak and it is cold hardy.
Phyllostachys atrovaginata - Incence - Edible - When eaten raw, these shoots have less of a bite than some other edible species. It is a running bamboo that makes a good hedge or windbreak and is cold hardy.
Phyllostachys nidularia D2 - Edible - The shoots of this species of bamboo are free of the acrid taste of some other edible bamboo species. It is a running bamboo that makes a good hedge or windbreak and is cold hardy.
Phyllostachys rubromarginata - Edible - The shoots of this bamboo species are good quality for eating. It is a running bamboo that is prolific and has a high cold tolerance. It makes a good hedge or windbreak and is useful for using in craft projects.